#7 Most Popular Types Of Mobile Phone Camera Lenses & Their Functions

#7 Most Popular Types Of Mobile Phone Camera Lenses & Their Functions

Most Popular Types Of Mobile Phone Camera Lenses

Almost all smartphones these days feature multiple camera lenses at the front and rear sides. If you are excited to know about the various types of mobile camera lenses,  this article has got you covered in everything.

There is no denying the fact that mobile lenses enhance the mobile photography experience. Also, they are capable enough to capture stunning images in different environments. 

Gone are the days when smartphones used to come with dual cameras i.e. one on the front & rear side each. Thanks to the advancement in technology that eliminated the need for DSLR cameras to capture high-definition images. According to a recent survey, camera performance is a primary factor that convinces most consumers to buy a new smartphone.

Here, we’ll discuss the top #7 most common & best smartphone camera lenses along with their functionality.  Scroll down to know the quality of images they can deliver and what makes them unique from each other!

Keep reading…

#1. Wide Angle Camera Lens

Focal length: 22mm-30mm

Wide Angle Camera Lens

Wide-angle lenses are the oldest and most popular camera lenses used by earlier smartphones with single cameras on the rear side. An ideal camera for clicking day-to-day images.

The focal length of the wide-angle camera lens lies between 22mm-30mm. It is mainly used for capturing wider views such as landscapes, and group images, and making video shots.

Still, today the primary camera you’ll find in most smartphones is none other than the wide-angle camera. In short words, the camera used by your smartphone when you open the camera app is a wide-angle lens. Many mobile companies have started featuring wide-angle lenses on the front side also.

#2. Ultra-Wide-Angle Camera Lens

Focal length: 12mm-18mm; Angle view: 120 degrees

Ultra-Wide-Angle Camera Lens

As the name reveals, the ultra wide-angle lens provides better coverage than a wide-angle camera lens. The camera is supported by an ultra-wide angle sensor. You won’t find this camera lens in every smartphone. 

But nowadays, many smartphones with dual front-facing cameras are using ultra-wide-angle cameras as secondary cameras. So, the users can click selfies with more people in the frame.  

To use the ultra wide-camera lens, simply zoom out on your screen. Make sure to buy high-quality or branded smartphones for decent images. As there are some drawbacks to using low-quality ultra-wide-angle lenses including

  • Distorted images around the corners.
  • A bulging effect; also called a fish eye.

#3. Telephoto Camera  Lens

Focal length: 50mm-85mm; Optical zoom factor: 2X/3X

Telephoto Camera  Lens

Telephoto lenses are not as popular as ultra-wide or wide-camera lenses. They are only featured in premium quality phones with zoom-in and zoom-out. 

The focal length is almost double or triple that of a wide-camera lens. Simple zoom in your camera screen to instantly use this feature. Your mobile will automatically shift from wide-angle to ultra-wide angle and then to the telephoto camera lens.

The mobile phones are equipped with a telephoto sensor to provide the best image output. This special camera lens is used to capture images of objects at far distant places. Telephoto lenses provided in-depth clarity without distorting the pixels. 

The more the focal length, the less the angle of view. So, the longer focal length of a telephoto lens makes it an ideal option for capturing portrait views.

#4. Macro Lens

Macro Lens

Macro lenses as the name suggests are ideal for capturing close-up images without compromising on small details. Many of you may ask how a macro lens is different from a periscope or telephoto lens. Then, let us tell you that a macro lens works like a magnifying glass that magnifies every small to large object in the image.  They allow you to focus on the subject as close as 2-3 cm.

Macro cameras are not as impressive as other camera lenses. But still, they are widely used in smartphones manufactured in Asian countries or better say mid-range devices. Not all high-end flagship smartphones come with macro lenses.

Considering today’s scenario, many smartphone users think that phones with macro lenses are useless.

#5. Periscope Camera Lens

Focal length: 135mm; Optical Zoom: 3X-10X

Periscope Camera Lens

You might have seen smartphones with bulging cameras such as the Samsung Galaxy S4. Well, they use a periscope camera lens. Unfortunately, they didn’t look awful and failed to impress the consumers.

To solve this issue, many smartphone companies are working on enhancing the camera structure. Due to high focal length, periscope lenses are not able to capture landscape images.

#6. Monochrome Camera Lens

Monochrome Camera Lens

These are the special type of camera lenses that use the RGB-based CFA i.e.colour filter array on the top of the sensor. The function of the sensor is to detect the light intensity. This filter absorbs the matching light waves and reflects others. Well, this is one of the major drawbacks of Monochrome camera lenses.

Smartphones with monochrome lenses use computational photography to enhance the overall quality of images. This special feature combines the photos from other sensors with a color filter array. 

Whereas many smartphone manufacturers use monochrome sensors without CFA to absorb all the light waves. It works best for capturing images in low or dim light situations and delivering sharp & high-contrast pictures.

You can also capture black-and-white images using a monochrome lens.

#7. ToF(Time of flight) / Depth Sensor

ToF(Time of flight) / Depth Sensor

This unique camera lens is known by several names by professionals. Time of flight camera lens is usually of low resolution i.e. 2MP or may be low.

The primary task of this camera is to collect data/ images to be used in computational photography. It is also used to develop a depth Map/ 3-D Map of a particular scene.

It works by emitting a sharp laser on the object. Then the time is calculated by the time it takes to bounce back to the camera. So, basically, the ToF sensor helps analyze the near and far subjects in the image.

The depth sensor is also used for AR(augmented reality) apps and to create a blurred background or other artificial effects.

FAQs about Mobile Camera Lenses

Which is the best mobile camera lens?

Smartphones with multiple cameras are available and each camera serves a different purpose.  For example, most of the top brand phones are equipped with telephoto, optical zoom, wide-angle lenses, and ultra-wide-angle lenses for better mobile photography.

Which mobile lens is used for blurred backgrounds?

The process of blurring the background is called Bokeh. Smartphones with depth sensors or Time of Flight camera lenses are best for creating blurred or other artificial effects.

Are smartphone cameras better than DSLRs?

Generally, mobile camera lenses have an aperture of 3mm which means they can easily achieve 160-170 microradian of image resolution. Whereas a DSLR camera with 2000m focal lengths provides a resolution of 2 microradians.

Should I buy a lens kit for my mobile phone?

It depends on your requirements. It will cost you somewhere around INR 1000-2000. Be assured that camera lenses are compatible with your mobile and the captured images don’t get distorted. We suggest you buy macro and wide-angle lenses to improve the image quality. 

Wrapping up!

A variety of camera lenses are available and each of them is built to serve a specific purpose. The type of camera lenses used by mobile manufacturers depends on the space, budget, and the targeted consumer.

It is quite evident that multiple cameras installed on smartphones have enabled users to explore and create innovative images.